Introduction: An Overview
Eye pain is common problem and mostly treated without any medication or proper treatment. Eye pain is also called as ophthalmalgia. Eye pain is categories into types depending on where you feel the discomfort, such as:
- Ocular pain that occurs on the surface of eye, and
- Orbital pain occurs within the eye.
Eye pain that occurs on the surface may be like a burning, itching or scratching sensation. Surface pain is frequently caused by some irritation of a foreign object or infection. This type of eye pain is simply treated with eye drops or rest. Eye pain that occurs deeper within the eye may feel gritty, stabbing, throbbing or even aching. This kind of eye pain may have need of more deep treatment. Eye pain may results of vision loss may be a symptom of an emergency medical issue and should contact the ophthalmologist immediately.
What Causes Ocular Pain?
The Ocular that originates on the surface of the eye are caused by following reasons:
Foreign Object: The most common cause of eye pain is simply getting something in your eye. Whether it is as tiny as eyelash, a piece of dirt, or makeup, having a foreign object in the eye can cause redness, itching, watery eyes, irritation, and even pain.
Contact Lens Irritation: People who use to wear contact lenses overnight or do not disinfect their lenses appropriately are more vulnerable to eye pain caused by irritation or infection.
Injury: Chemical or flash burns to the eye can also cause noteworthy pain. These burns are often the result of exposure to irritants including bleach, intense light sources, the sun, the materials used in arc welding or tanning booths and many more.
Blepharitis: Blepharitis happens when oil glands on the eyelid’s corner become infected or inflamed due to some reasons. This can also cause eyes hurt.
Sty: A blepharitis infection can create a nodule or small raised bump on the eyelid. This is called a sty or a chalazion. A sty sometimes can be very painful, and the area near the sty is usually very sensitive to touch.
Conjunctivitis: The conjunctiva is a tissue that lines the front of the eye and the underneath of the eyelid. It can become infected and inflamed that leads to an allergy or infection. Though the pain is generally mild, but the inflammation causes itchiness, redness, and watering in the eye. Conjunctivitis is also known as pink eye.
What Causes Orbital Pain?
Eye pain felt within the eye itself or orbital pain may be caused by the following reasons:
Injury: Piercing injuries to the eyes can occur when a person is hit with an object or got an accident can cause eye hurt.
Glaucoma: This condition occurs when pressure inside the eye, rises. More symptoms caused by glaucoma having nausea, headache, and loss of vision.
Sinusitis: An infection of the sinuses can cause pressure behind the eyes to build. As it happens, it can create pain in one or both eyes.
Migraines: Eye pain is also a common side effect of migraine attacks.
Iritis: Uncommon inflammation in the iris can cause pain deep inside the eye too.
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